(See the reconciliation tables of GAAP net income to non-GAAP adjusted net income near the end of this release for further details.)
Included in second quarter 2019 GAAP net income and non-GAAP adjusted net income was approximately $4.2 million, net of tax, of non-cash share-based compensation expense. Excluding share-based compensation expense, both GAAP earnings per share (“EPS”) and non-GAAP adjusted EPS would have increased by $0.08 per diluted share for second quarter 2019, $0.07 for second quarter 2018 and $0.07 for first quarter 2019.
EBITDA (a non-GAAP measure), which represents earnings before net interest expense, income tax, depreciation and amortization, in the second quarter 2019 was a record $77.1 million, or 23.9 percent of revenue, compared to $64.5 million, or 21.1 percent of revenue, in the second quarter 2018 and $69.9 million, or 23.1 percent of revenue, in the first quarter 2019. For a reconciliation of GAAP net income to EBITDA, see the table near the end of this release for further details.
For second quarter 2019, net cash provided by operating activities was $40.6 million. Net cash flow was a negative $65.5 million, including the $44.1 million pay-down of long-term debt. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) was $8.5 million, which includes $32.1 million of capital expenditures.
As of June 30, 2019, the Company had approximately $242 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, long-term debt (including the current portion) totaled approximately $172 million, and working capital was approximately $481 million.
The results announced today are preliminary and unaudited, as they are subject to the Company finalizing its closing procedures and customary quarterly review by the Company's independent registered public accounting firm. As such, these results are subject to revision until the Company files its Form 10-Q for the quarter ending June 30, 2019.
Dr. Lu concluded, “Building on our strong first half revenue growth of 8% over first half of 2018, during a time in which our served market was down more than 6%, further highlights our ability to deliver growth in a down market. For the third quarter, we expect revenue to be approximately $324 million, plus or minus 2 percent, which at the mid-point represents another quarterly record and continued growth year-over-year as well as further outperformance of our served markets. We expect GAAP gross margin to be 37.8 percent, plus or minus 1 percent. Non-GAAP operating expenses, which are GAAP operating expenses adjusted for amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, are expected to be approximately 21 percent of revenue, plus or minus 1 percent. We expect net interest expense to be approximately $2.0 million. Our income tax rate is expected to be 23.3 percent, plus or minus 3 percent, and shares used to calculate diluted EPS for the third quarter are anticipated to be approximately 52.0 million.”
Purchase accounting adjustments related to amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets of $3.8 million, after tax, for Pericom and previous acquisitions are not included in these non-GAAP estimates.
Diodes will host a conference call on Monday, August 5, 2019, at 4:00 p.m. Central Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) to discuss its second quarter 2019 financial results. Investors and analysts may join the conference call by dialing 1-855-232-8957 and providing the confirmation code 2558324. International callers may join the teleconference by dialing +1-315-625-6979 and entering the same confirmation code at the prompt. A telephone replay of the call will be made available approximately two hours after the call and will remain available until August 12, 2019 at midnight Central Time. The replay number is 1-855-859-2056 with a pass code of 2558324. International callers should dial +1-404-537-3406 and enter the same pass code at the prompt. Additionally, this conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet and can be accessed by all interested parties on the Investors’ section of Diodes' website at http://www.diodes.com. To listen to the live call, please go to the investors’ section of Diodes’ website and click on the conference call link at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register, download and install any necessary audio software. For those unable to participate during the live broadcast, a replay will be available shortly after the call on Diodes' website for approximately 90 days.
About Diodes Incorporated
Diodes Incorporated (Nasdaq: DIOD), a Standard and Poor’s SmallCap 600 and Russell 3000 Index company, is a leading global manufacturer and supplier of high-quality, application-specific standard products within the broad discrete, logic, analog and mixed-signal semiconductor markets. We serve the consumer electronics, computing, communications, industrial, and automotive markets. Our products include diodes, rectifiers, transistors, MOSFETs, protection devices, function-specific arrays, single gate logic, amplifiers and comparators, Hall-effect and temperature sensors, power management devices, including LED drivers, AC-DC converters and controllers, DC-DC switching and linear voltage regulators, and voltage references along with special function devices, such as USB power switches, load switches, voltage supervisors, and motor controllers. Diodes also has timing, connectivity, switching, and signal integrity solutions for high-speed signals. Our corporate headquarters and Americas’ sales offices are located in Plano, Texas and Milpitas, California. Design, marketing, and engineering centers are located in Plano; Milpitas; Taipei, Taoyuan City and Zhubei City, Taiwan; Oldham, England; and Neuhaus, Germany. Our wafer fabrication facilities are located in Oldham and Shanghai, China and Greenock, Scotland. We have assembly and test facilities located in Shanghai, Jinan and Chengdu, China, as well as in Hong Kong, Neuhaus and Taipei. Additional engineering, research and development, sales, warehouse, and logistics offices are located in Taipei; Hong Kong; Oldham; Shanghai; Shenzhen and Yangzhou, China; Seongnam-si, South Korea; Munich, Germany; and Tokyo, Japan, with support offices throughout the world.
Recent news releases, annual reports and SEC filings are available at the Company’s website: http://www.diodes.com. Written requests may be sent directly to the Company, or they may be e-mailed to: Email Contact.
Safe Harbor Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Any statements set forth above that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Such statements include statements containing forward-looking words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” and variations thereof, including without limitation statements, whether direct or implied, regarding expectations of revenue growth, market share gains, increase in gross margin and increase in gross profits in 2019 and beyond; that for the third quarter of 2019, we expect revenue to be approximately $324 million plus or minus 2 percent; which at the mid-point represents another quarterly record and continued growth year-over-year as well as further outperformance of our served markets; we expect GAAP gross margin to be 37.8 percent, plus or minus 1 percent; non-GAAP operating expenses, which are GAAP operating expenses adjusted for amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, are expected to be approximately 21.0 percent of revenue, plus or minus 1 percent; we expect net interest expense to be approximately $2.0 million; we expect our income tax rate to be 23.3 percent, plus or minus 3 percent; shares used to calculate diluted EPS for the third quarter are anticipated to be approximately 52.0 million. Potential risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, such factors as: the risk that such expectations may not be met; the risk that the expected benefits of acquisitions may not be realized or that integration of acquired businesses may not continue as rapidly as we anticipate; the risk that we may not be able to maintain our current growth strategy or continue to maintain our current performance, costs, and loadings in our manufacturing facilities; the risk that we may not be able to increase our automotive, industrial, or other revenue and market share; risks of domestic and foreign operations, including excessive operating costs, labor shortages, higher tax rates, and our joint venture prospects; the risk that we may not continue our share repurchase program; the risks of cyclical downturns in the semiconductor industry and of changes in end-market demand or product mix that may affect gross margin or render inventory obsolete; the risk of unfavorable currency exchange rates; the risk that our future outlook or guidance may be incorrect; the risks of global economic weakness or instability in global financial markets; the risks of trade restrictions, tariffs, or embargoes; the risk of breaches of our information technology systems; and other information, including the “Risk Factors” detailed from time to time in Diodes’ filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.